[2016]Suicide and autism spectrum disorder: the role of trauma

"Mental disorders are considered among the leading risk factors for suicide. According to the World Health Organization, more than 90% of people committing suicide suffer from a mental disorder. For this reason, suicide prevention needs to devote great importance to grow the awareness of the mental conditions that are most likely to raise the risk of suicidal behaviors. Several psychiatric disorders are classically linked to suicide. The lifetime risk of suicide is estimated to be 4% in patients with mood disorder, 8% in people with bipolar disorder 3, 5% in people with schizophrenia, and 7% in people with alcohol dependence. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as well
is frequently associated with suicidal ideation and suicide attempts Suicide, in fact, has been reported as one of the most important causes of death among veterans, with the risk for intentional death continuing to be high many years after service, but remarkable rates have also been reported in general populations exposed to natural disasters worldwide. Neurodevelopmental disorders are usually overlooked in statistics of mental conditions enhancing the risk of suicide. Notwithstanding, a recent systematic review of studies involving subjects with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) found percentages of suicidality ranging from 10.9 to 50% and pointed out that individuals with ASD might comprise 7.3 to 15% of suicidal populations…"

(Quelle: Journal of Psychopathology)

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